Taj Mahal Information
About Taj Mahal – Epitome of Love – Ask our expert for best deals on Taj Mahal Tours
Listed in the Seven Wonders of the World, Taj Mahal has taught the art of eternal love to mankind. Today this pristine monument attracts a lot of travelers from all the corners of the world. Some have fascination towards its beauty; some are taken aback by the history behind it while archaeologists come here to study its architecture. This topic is related to the Taj Mahal information. Check below for info on Tajmahal.
Where is Taj Mahal?
As many of people wonder where is Taj Mahal? The answer is Agra city of the North Indian state Uttar Pradesh. It can be reached by road, rail or air transport. The transportation facility is superb and therefore one can reach Agra from any part of the country.
Brief History Information of Taj Mahal
It was built by the grandson of Akbar -The Great, Shah Jahan (1628-1658) in the loving memory of his third wife Mumtaz Mahal. When Prince Khurram (Shah Jahan) met Arjumand Banu Begum (Mumtaz Mahal), he fell in love with her at the very first sight. Five years down the lane in 1612 he married this Muslim Persian princess and was deeply in love with her. They both shared every moment of their life together and were regarded as inseparable companions until the time when she died giving birth to their 14th child in the year 1631.
Grief stricken by this loss, Shan Jahan decided to build world’s most beautiful monument to pay tribute to his wife. In 1632 the construction of Taj Mahal began and till 1648 only the principal mausoleum was done as it took other five years to complete the surrounding gardens and buildings. However, the date of its completion has always been a topic for debate. 22,000 laborers and 1,000 elephants were involved in the making up of this architectural wonder that is built completely of white marble.
Soon after its completion, Aurangzeb (Shah Jahan’s son) imprisoned his father in the Agra Fort from where he used to look out at his creation through a window. After his death in the year 1666, he was buried in Taj Mahal next to Mumtaz Mahal.
Brief Architecture Information on Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal is the most excellent example of Mughal architecture, a method that merges elements from Indian, Islamic and Persian architectural styles. Taj Mahal is enclosed by a magnificently laid out walled garden and consists of five major constituents, i.e.
- The main gateway- Darwaza
- The Gardens – Bageecha
- The mosque – Masjid,
- The Rest house – Naqqar Khana and
- The Main mausoleum – Rauza
The central entrance, with its arched middle chamber, is positioned at the last part of the long waterway. Mosque is on one side of the Taj Mahal and the Naqqar Khana on the other, built primarily to retain its symmetry. The main building stands on a square raised platform with its four reduced corners, forming an asymmetrical octagon. The most intriguing part about its architecture is that despite of merging perfectly with the main structure, each element maintains its own identity. As a typical feature of Mughal mausoleums, false sarcophagi of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan are placed in the main chamber while the real graves are at a lower level. The perforated marble screens are responsible for the transmission of light to the main chamber.
Listed in the list of world heritage sites in the year 1983, the popularity of this wonderful monument is evident by the influx of approx 2 million to 4 million visitors every year. With heavy number of travelers flocking around the monument, the best time to visit Taj Mahal is during the pleasant months of October, November and February.
To reach the main complex one has to either walk down or board an electric bus as the polluting traffic is not permitted around it. On weekdays the grounds are open from 6 to 7, except for Friday. Night viewing is allowed on the days of full moon along with two days prior and later to it ( except for Fridays and during the month of Ramadan).
- Agra Fort
- Akbar’s Tomb
- Fatehpur Sikri
- Itmad-ud-Daulah Tomb
Tickets are required for the entry to Taj Mahal. Two tickets are available out of which one is issued by the Agra Development Association (ADA) which is valid for one day while the Archeological Survey of India (ASI) issues separate tickets for each site. Entry for children below 15 is free.
6:00 am to 7:30 pm except on Fridays when it remains closed. However the ticket counter gets closed by 5:30 pm.
On Fridays, only the people who have to offer afternoon prayers in the mosque can enter the premises.